::Departments : Non-Clinical : PRECLINICAL
DEPARTMENT OF ANATOMY
HISTORY
The Department of Anatomy in Chengalpattu Government Medical college – was initiated by Dr.JAYAVELU M.B.B.S.,M.Sc.,Anatomy, Dip. In Anthropology in 1965 with 75 students, in which 50 students were admitted herein and the rest 25 students from Salem.
          Along with, Dr.CICELIA ISSAC M.B.B.S. M.Sc., Anatomy was posted here- who raised the helping hands with Dr. JAYAVELU, to establish this department with fully equipped Dissection Hall, Histology Lab, Research Lab, Departmental Library, Museum, Embalming room, Cadaver tanks, Burial pits and water- maceration tanks.
         Dr. JAYAVELU was the FIRST person to HEAD the department and continued for a decade up to 1975. As Dr. Jayavelu was an anthropologist, he made the full effort in furnishing the departmental museum with the comparative anatomical aspects with various full skeletons and also the individual bones. As Dr. Jayavelu was also the college principal the department was updated with, THE THEN LATEST INSTRUMENTS - equalizing the quality as equal to the institutional level.
         As Dr.Cicelia Issac was a very learned anatomist, she sowed the greatest efficiency in establishing the departmental museum with varieties of beautiful dissections mounted therein; updated the departmental library with needed different authors books; and prepared so much of histology slides for the study- teaching- and research purposes- both in the form of projection slides and microscopic slides, enormous work that exceeded the quality of city colleges even. Dr.Cicelia Issac headed the department from 1975 to 1982 and designed the department originally.
        The period from 1965 to 1982 with Dr.Jayavelu, Dr. Cessalia issac and Mr.Chandrasekar- was the golden period for the department of anatomy wherein all the facilities were adopted and updated for the easy maintenance thereafter till today.
        During this period,
I) All the basic requirements were procured,
ii) Staff quarters were established
iii) Statues of great persons were modelled
iv) College emblem with two students were designed
v) Sculpture work in the entrance of anatomy block and anthropology work at the entrance of dissection hall were organised and made them engraved with the help of the artist – Mr. Doss.
vi) In 1972, All India Conference of Anatomical Society of India was successfully conducted with 600 delegates
vii) Later on histology charts in revolving stands were designed first by Mr.Chandrasekar who rendered the service for 20 years from 1980 March to 2000 April.
 Since 1965 to till today  2017 the department were headed by the following anatomists:
I) Dr Jayavelu
ii) Dr.Cicelia Issac
iii) Dr.Bethammal
iv) Dr.Askar Ali
v) Dr.Thiruvengadam
vi) Dr.Swayam Jothi
vii) Dr.Asha Latha
viii) Dr. Bharathi
ix) Dr.T.L.Anbumani
x) Dr. A.Senthamil Selvi and
xi) Dr.V.Rajapriya. 
During the period of Dr. Swayam Jothi in 1991- the state conference of Anatomical society of Tamil nadu was conducted in this department.
 Dissertations by the M.B.B.S. students were awarded prizes for 3 times which were guided by Mr.Chandrasekar. Histology wall hanging charts were prepared and made them hung in the histology lab.
During the period of Dr.T. L. Anbumani, in 2006- the pits in the departmental burial ground were extended in numbers from 6 to 16. Histology wall hanging charts were designed for easy  visualisation for the academic purpose of students.
Prize exam for first M.B.B.S. anatomy students was introduced in April 2010 by Dr.A.Senthamizhselvi.  Since 2010 August, by now 5 batches have marched through their prize exams successfully.  Under the guidance of Dr.A. Senthamilselvi,  2 students of our college – Dinkar Srikumar and P.V.Sudharsan presented anatomy papers individually in the state conference held in October 2011, in Melmaruvathur Institute of Medical Sciences, Melmaruvathur and won the awards individually.
The numbers of students were increased from 50 to 100 in the year 2012, which was the long term goal of Chengalpattu Medical College.
At present the department is headed by Dr.V.Rajapriya. Under her guidance the new wall hanging charts were prepared by 1st year M.B.B.S., students and  utilised for the academic purpose  in the dissection hall. She also introduced the following academic activities like Daily slip test, Daily practice of diagrams, Pre dissection classes and allotment of mentors for the benefit of 1st year students. Conducted parent – teacher meeting for the student’s academic performance   improvement. Students are motivated and trained to participate in intercollegiate anatomy quiz competitions. The students are motivated to involve in research activities .
Recently in February 2016 new mortuary chamber was installed in the department. Daily reporting of unclaimed cadavers of non medico legal cases is done and their fitness for embalming is observed to increase the number of cadavers for dissection purpose of first year M.B.B.S students. We also encourage,appreciate and acknowledge  the voluntary body donation after death .
Faculty
Dr.V.Rajapriya – Associate Professor
Dr.T.Karthikeyan – Assistant Professor
 Dr.R.Senthamizhselvi – Assistant Professor
Dr.Mohammed Furhan Tutor
Dr.Sarasa Tutor
Mrs.Jayalakshmi – non medical tutor.
The faculties of the department attended the International conference  of Anatomy  and 37th National conference of anatomical society of Tamilnadu -2016  and presented various papers at the conference held at Sri Balaji medical college,Chennai. In addition all the faculties do lot of research work in the department and published their original articles in National and International journals .
FACILITIES
The department is equipped with Dissection Hall with adequate cadavers, Histology Lab with excellently stained slides and microscopes, Research Lab, Departmental Library/Seminar hall, Lecture hall, Demonstration halls with adequate audio visual aids, Museum with all the required divisions, Embalming room, Cadaver tanks, specimen storage tanks and burial pits. Proper ventilation and lighting facilities, rest room facilities are also maintained. Biodegradable waste are  properly channelized for disposal.
ACADEMIC ACTIVITIES
Courses:
a)Medical undergraduation      -- MBBS
b)Paramedical undergraduation ---- i)B.Sc. Nursing
                                                                ii) B.Sc. Radiology
c) Certificate courses                     --- Anaesthesia technician
                                                               Emergency care technician
                                                               Orthopaedic technician
                                                               Respiratory technician
                                                               Theatre technician
Periodic academic activities :
 1) Didactic lectures
2) Dissections
3) Pre-dissection classes
4) Demonstrations
5) Histology practical
6) Clinical anatomy (OSPE CHARTS)
7) Seminars
8) Symposiums
9) CME programmes
10) Integrated teaching both horizontal and vertical
11) Daily Slip test of previous classes
12) Internal assessment test both theory and practical
13) Record work both macroscopic and microscopic anatomy
14) intra- departmental quiz
15) Prize exam for I M.B.B.S. students
16) Daily practice of diagrams
17) Radiological anatomy (basics in X-rays ,CT,MRI )
18) Developmental anatomy (lectures,models,charts)
19) Osteology classes (articulated skeleton,individual bones)
20) Surface anatomy classes
ONGOING RESEARCH ACTIVITIES
1. Toxicology study of “POORA PARPAM” (MERCUROUS CHLORIDE) in rat.
2. Study of supratrochlear foramen in  humerii ( dry specimens) and its surgical importance.
3. Study of sacral hiatus (dry specimens) and its clinical importance.
4.Study on the relationship of external laryngeal nerve with respect to superior thyroid artery and upper pole of thyroid gland.
5.Study on the variations in the morphology of gall bladder in human cadavers.
Conferences ,CME,WORKSHOP conducted :
ALL INDIA CONFERENCE OF ANATOMICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA -1972
THE STATE CONFERENCE OF ANATOMICAL SOCIETY OF TAMILNADU – 1991
37th ANNUAL CONFERENCE OF TAMILNADU ASSOCIATION OF ANATOMIST- 2014
CME ON  “BASICS IN EMBRYOGENESIS” ON 13 MAY 2016 ACCREDITED WITH 10 CREDIT POINTS UNDER CATEGORY II BY THE TAMILNADU DR.MGR MEDICAL UNIVERSITY
 
                                                                                                          
 DEPARTMENT OF PHYSIOLOGY

 
The Department of Physiology is functional since this institution’s induction in 1965. The department has been headed by pioneers in the field of Physiology like Dr. Gajalakshmi, Dr.Shamala Triveni , Dr K. Balasaubramanian etc
The Department Staff pattern is as per MCI norms
Professor & HOD       1
Associate Professor     1
Assistant Professor     1
Tutors                          3
The Department was started with 50 MBBS students in 1965 and Subsequently it was increased to 100 Undergraduate MBBS students in 2012.The department has two  MD Physiology Post Graduate recognized seats  per academic year since 2013.
Academic sessions include Didactic lectures, Practicals, small group teachings. Student symposium & Integrated teaching with other departments.
Continuing Medical Education (CME):
  • NephroQuest – March 2013
  • PILLS – January 2016
Research activities:
Completed Projects:
 
  • 1. Functional Evaluation pulmonary TB sequelae patients in tertiary care centre
  • 2. Evaluation of cardiovascular risk in obese individuals based on lipid profile & Autonomic
function at Chengalpattu Medical college & Hospital
  • 3.Effect of smoking on hearing threshold in Pure tone Audiometry
  • 4. Effect of cold pressor test on Type II DM
  • 5. Assessment of Physical fitness by modified Harvard step test
  • 6. Comparison of different anthropometric parameters in the assessment of obesity in PCOD patients
  • 7. The effects of music on pulse rate & blood pressure in healthy young adults.
  • 8. Cardiovascular responses to isometric exercises
  • 9. Evaluation of brainstem auditopry evoked potential in migraine patients
  • 10. Evaluation of retinal ganglion cell activity by pattern reversal VEP in type II DM
  • Prevalence of depression among women with PCOS.
 
Ongoing Projects:
 
  • 1. Evaluation of cardiovascular autonomic function in pregnancy induced hypertension
  • 2.Influence of refractive error and ocular dominance on pattern reversal VEP. Comparative study.
  • Evaluation of lung impairment by pulmonary function test in autodrivers.
  • Effects of lung function test in Type 2 Diabetes mellitus using spirometry and their association with glycemic control
 
ICMR-STS:
 
  • 1.Perceived stress sources & severity of stress among Medical Undergraduates
  • 2.Comparison of cardiac & pulmonary efficiency while performing aerobic & Isometric exercises in persons of high, moderate & minimal daily workouts.
  • 3. Evaluation of genetic influence in order birth amomg Diabetes Mellitus Type I & Type II
  • 4. Addiction of Technological gadgets & its impacts on health
  • 5. Study of effect of acute sternous exercise on hemostasis in young adults using bleeding time
  • 6. The influence of colour & scent on mood & cognitive performance in young healthy medical undergraduates
  • 7. Evaluation of the outcome of different modalities of learning habits in MBBS undergraduates.
 
Awards Won:
  • First prize in e-poster presentation at APTCON-2015 by Dr.K.Parveen Bobby (3rd yr PG)
  • Second prize in e-poster presentation at APTCON-2015 by Dr.M.Radhika (1st yr PG)
  • Second prize in e-poster presentation at ENVOCCON-2016 by Dr.A.Shameer Raja (1st yr PG)
  • Third prize in e-poster presentation at ENVOCCON-2016 by Dr.S.L.Kalaivani (1st yr PG)
  • First prize in UG Talent Test at SRM university on “Clinical Haematology” by Praveen Chakravathy.D (1st yr M.B.B.S.)
  • First prize in Intercollege Quiz at Sri Manakula Vinayaga Medical College and Hospital on “Haemrace-2017” by 1. Praveen Chakravathy.D, 2.Sai Saravanan.K & 3.Shriram.R (1st yr M.B.B.S.)
 
           DEPARTMENT OF BIOCHEMISTRY

The department of biochemistry is functioning from faculty block of government Chengalpattu medical college. The department offers diagnostic and academic services.
 
ACADEMIC SERVICES:
The department imparts basic training to the undergraduates in applied biochemistry, clinical biochemistry and in molecular biology. The total annual intake of first year MBBS students is 100. The course commences on September every  year. The curriculum fixed by TAMILNADU DR.MGR MEDICAL UNIVERSITY is followed. The criteria for appearing for university examination is based on norms set by university. The written and practical examinations are conducted on the basis of university guidelines. In addition to teaching activities the department is also involved in research activities. There is well equipped and well furnished undergraduate practical and research lab. The library with its widest range of books by various biochemists aims at providing a better reference for the students and faculties.
PERIODIC ACADEMIC ACTIVITIES:
In addition to routine theory and practical classes, seminars, symposium, group discussions and integrated teaching classes with physiology, anatomy departments and also with other clinical departments are conducted.
TEACHING FACULTY:
Faculty
Professor 1
Associate professor 1
Assistant professor 1
Tutors 3
 
 
 
INTEGRATED CLASSES
1.      Heart  vasculature
2.      Respiratory system
 
RESEARCH ACTIVITIES:
a)  List of publications by the members of
the staff during the last 3 years.             :     
1. A study on lipoprotein (a) in healthy and type II DM. (International journal of research in medical sciences by Dr.Premkumar).
2. Evaluation of oxidative stress in pathogenesis of preeclampsia by studying plasma malondialdehyde and ceruloplasmin. (Indian journal of basic and applied medical research) Dr.Mohandoss & Dr.Premkumar.
3. A comparative study on serum lipid profile between pre and post menopausal women. (Indian journal of basic and applied medical research) Dr.Premkumar & dr. Ashmitha.
4. Clinical utility of creatine kinase and lactate dehydrogenase as severity markers of organophosphorus compound poisoning. (EJPMR) Dr. Mohandoss
5. Correlation between lipid profile with duration, Hba1c values, BMI in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Dr.Premkumar & Dr. Mohandoss
 
b)  Current problems in which research work is going on and by whom.
                              
1.
Role of ceruloplasmin and lipid profile in detecting Preeclampsia by Dr.Premkumar and Dr. Indhu.
2. hSCRP and fibrinogen levels inprediction of mortality in Acute Coronary syndrome by Dr.Premkumar and Dr. Indhu.
3. Role of nail creatinine in the assessment of chronicity of kidney disease by Dr. Mohandoss and Dr. Ananthi.
4. Correlation of protein creatinine ratio, albumin creatinine ratio with 24 hours urine protein in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients by Dr. Mohandoss and Dr. Gnanapraba

c)   Undergraduate students research activity with guide  :
1. A comparative study on serum lipid profile between premenopausal and post menopausal women by Dr. Asmitha and Dr. Premkumar(guide).
2. Effect of duration and glycemic control on lipid profile in type II DM patients by Dr. Padmapriya & Dr. Premkumar(guide).
 
 
 
 SERVICE LABORATORY IN THE HOSPITAL:
There is separate biochemistry laboratory in the hospital which is functioning 24*7. It provides biochemical diagnostic services for patients attending OP & IP and emergency departments attached to medical college & hospital. The 24 hours lab in hospital is well equipped and adequately man powered. The staffs are employed in three shifts. The total number of patients utilizing the lab service is increasing every year. The biochemical waste generated are segregated and disposed as per biomedical waste management protocol.  To improve the lab standards we are running internal quality  and external quality control programmes.
 
Staff pattern 24 hours Biochemistry laboratory
 
Medical officer                                        1
Non Medical Assistants 5
Non Medical Demonstrators 5
Technicians 10
 
 
 
INSTRUMENTS
 
1.        Fully automated analyser   1
2.        Semi auto analysers 4
3.        Ion selective electrode 2
4.        Arterial blood gas analyser                           1
5.        Coagulation analyser                                      1
6.        ELISA washer and reader                               1
7.        Centrifuge 4
8.        HbA1c analyser 4
9.        Urine analyser 2
10.    Capillary blood glucose analyser                  2
11.    Spectrophotometer 1
 
 
 
 
BIOCHEMICAL INVESTIGATIONS PERFORMED IN 24 HOURS LAB:
 
1.        Blood – Glucose
 
 
2.        Renal function tests
 
 
3.        Liver function tests
 
 
4.        Complete lipid profile
 
 
5.        Creatinine kinase, Amylase
 
 
6.        Calcium
 
 
7.        Uric acid
 
 
8.        Electrolytes
 
 
9.        Complete biochemical analysis of urine, CSF& other body fluids  
10.    Coagulation profile
 
 
 
 
 
 LIST OF INSTRUMENTS IN STUDENT’S RESEARCH LAB
 
1 Spectrophotometer 1
2 Flame photometer 1
3 pH meter 4
4 Electrophoresis apparatus 2
5 Chromatograrhy chamber          1
6 Tissue homogenizer 2
7 ELISA washer and reader 1
8 Colorimeter 5
9 Urinometer 10
 
 
 
LAB STATISTICS FOR THE YEAR-2016
 
MONTH AND YEAR,2016 IP  /  OP TOTAL G.     TOTAL
Jan' 16 IP 38262 54699
OP 16437
Feb' 16 IP 36915 56944
OP 20029
Mar' 16 IP 39166 62265
OP 23099
Apr' 16 IP 27772 39598
OP 11826
May' 16 IP 33675 49651
OP 15976
Jun' 16 IP 30741 43820
OP 13079
Jul' 16 IP 36727 53530
OP 16803
Aug' 16 IP 48234 67569
OP 19335
Sep' 16 IP 45069 63489
OP 18420
Oct' 16 IP 51302 68301
OP 16999
Nov' 16 IP 52915 72271
OP 19356
Dec' 16 IP 43781 60118
OP 16337
TOTAL IP 484559 692255
TOTAL OP 207696
G.  TOTAL 692255
 




 
                                  
 
 

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